The binomial name of Arctic Grayling is Thymallus arcticus. It is a fresh water species and belongs to the family of Salmonids. The nativity of this fish is northern America. People describe the fish as the prince of Alaska sport fish. One can find this species in the drainages of Arctic and Pacific in Canada, Alaska and Siberia. Arctic Grayling is an interesting sport fish. The economy of Alaska is mainly around fishing, tourism and oil industries. It is in the northwest extremity of US West Coast across Bering Strait from Asia.
People interested in fishing can fish this species through Fly fishing method. Fly fishing incorporates angling method. The construction of fishing rod is simple with the lures, rods or reels to catch fish. These flies are like the food organisms for the fish. This makes the fishing sport more enthusiastic.
The colour of this species varies from stream to stream. It has a sail-like a dorsal fin. The body has colorful markings. The back of this fish is black in colour and the average length of this fish is 24 inches, with a weight of around 2.3 kilograms. The largest length of this grayling is 30 inches (76 cm) and the weight is 3.58 kg. The lifespan of this species is 32 years. The eggs of these species hatch after 2 to 3 weeks of spawning. They will be 1.3 cm long at the time of hatching and grow at a faster rate. They meet maturity in 3 – 4 years, after this stage, the growth becomes slow. Amidst the arctic fish, arctic grayling has the fastest growth rate. After this, the arctic grayling starts spawning and reproduction process. This spawning starts during the spring season between May to June.
North America is the native for Arctic Grayling. It was once found in both Montano and Michigan. These species became extinct due to many reasons. However in Montano, these species still exist. The living range of this species exists in Alaska except for southeast direction. Their range extends from Russia’s Ural mountain across Siberia and Canada to west of Hudson Bay. The home range of this species moves miles on a seasonal basis. Even in the migration process; feeding and spawning occur without any disturbances. They even travel more than 160 km in a year.
The living atmosphere of this species is fresh water. Fresh water species live in streams and rivers and they feel difficult to co-exist with other species of fish. The species prefer the small living area, cold with clear water. They prefer tributaries well suited for spawning and reproduction.
It is pathetic that the population of these species is decreasing in the past few decades. This is due to the harvest of these fishes by the human and the disturbed habitat. They are evolving as an endangered species. They can’t tolerate the altered or polluted environment.
Arctic Grayling diet on aquatic and terrestrial invertebrates. They feed on insects, smaller fish, eggs and some small land organisms. In the end, they feed on what is available at that time. These invertebrates are even used as lures for fishing in the fishing sport.
Water Type: Freshwater