Bass is one of the most gigantic fishes that history has ever known. They are one among the game fishes found in the United States. Their conservation is an important aspect.
Bass is famously found in the Red River, Great Lakes and the Mississippi river basins. The fish best survive in fresh waters. Anglers concentrate on these areas to get the best of the fishing experiences. They would have to travel a distance of 91 miles, a one and half hour journey by road from Mexico to do fishing in these areas. Bottom fishing and fly fishing are the popular methods of fishing found here. Fishing tournaments are very common with the bass fish. They are considered popular among the sport fishes. They actively fight against any light spinning tackle. The normal baits used are minnows and worms.
The largemouth bass varies largely in size. However, the average size is found to be around 13 inches in length and weighs around 15 pounds. Fishes weighing 5lbs are primarily found many in number. In the southern hemisphere, however the fishes weigh around 10 lbs. It has a lower jaw which is generally longer than the upper one. It is wide and large though. The dorsal fin has an anterior side having nine spines and the posterior portion having around 12 to 13 spines.
Bass is predominantly found in the drainages of Atlantic. The Atlantic waters start from North Carolina to Florida and lead to the waters of Northern Mexico. It can be found on a complete range covering half of the eastern regions of the United States. The movement of largemouth bass is a highly researched topic.
Bass survives in all types of fresh waters and slightly brackish waters. They are always comfortable on a very slow moving water body such as the rivers with the very fine and soft underground. They stay in clear waters like the ponds, lakes and sometimes even in reservoirs. They prefer a very calm and silent place. They can accommodate themselves in a variety of habitats as this. They hide over logs, rocks and water vegetation where it is difficult to locate them at any instant. They get to come together where food supplies are largely found. They are very highly sensitive to light and can be found during the early hours in a day. Adult bass although are solitary in nature as they get mature.
The largemouth bass feeds on minnows on a large scale. They also eat perches, sunfishes and also the crayfishes. They are also seen to feed on very small aquatic birds, frogs and other insects.
A very young largemouth bass, two inches in size eat zooplanktons and the other insect larvae. They start becoming very active predators in a while. Adults tend to eat other small fishes including invertebrates. It is also seen that large bass fishes prey upon bass fishes which are very young and smaller in size. They also eat vegetation, especially plants in the shallow waters.